Dolní Vítkovice consists of the former industrial area of the Hlubina Mine, the coking plant and the blast furnaces of the Vítkovice Ironworks. The complex is a unique industrial monument and an unmistakable symbol of Ostrava and the entire Moravian-Silesian Region. In 2008, the area was registered as the first Czech monument to the list of European cultural heritage.
The Vítkovice Ironworks was founded in 1828 by Archduke Rudolf Jan, Archbishop of Olomouc. Iron was produced here, produced in charcoal blast furnaces in Čeladná and Frýdlant. In 1830, the first poodle furnace in the Habsburg monarchy was put into operation in Rudolf's smelter, designed according to the design of the professor of the Vienna Polytechnic F. X. Riedl. In 1843, two blast furnaces, a foundry, a pudlovna, a rolling mill, a bicycle shop and a boiler room already formed the ironworks.
In 1857, the Hlubina mine was opened in close proximity to the smelter as a source of blast furnace, and since then the entire technological flow has been linked to a single industrial complex. The links between the various parts of the production were provided by belt conveyors, charging equipment and transport bridges. The site of one of the deepest mines in the Ostrava district has undergone many reconstructions. Architects F. Neumann and O. Bém were the most prominent in the form of mining objects.
Coal mining was terminated in 1991, the furnace operation stopped in 1998 and the site became a technical monument without traffic. In the same year, on the occasion of the 170th anniversary of the founding of ironworks, a bust of the founder of Archduke Rudolf Jan was erected in front of the ironworks office building.
THE WORLD OF TECHNOLOGY
The World of Technology in Ostrava is located in the Lower Vítkovice area. It includes two units, the Great World of Technology and the Little World of Technology. In an entertaining way, all age groups are introduced to the world of science and technology.
The Great World of Technology is located in a newly built building. We can visit four permanent exhibitions, the Children's World, the World of Civilization, the World of Science and Discoveries, and the World of Nature. What can we experience? Explore your body, its possibilities; get to know the universe more closely; discover the possibilities of sound and light; sit on a heated and sounded Japanese toilet in the world of civilization. There's a lot.
In the big world we can also see interesting movie films in 3D cinema. There is also the Science Theater. In addition, there are temporary exhibitions, the current focus of which can be found on the World of Technology website. The children's world can also be visited separately, it is designed for children from 2 to 6 years old. Interactive methods introduce children to the world. It is one big playroom for them, divided into smaller thematic units. They can build a house here, try different jobs (salesman, doctor), play musical instruments, enjoy water games.
The Little World of Technology, or "U6", is located in an old building, once housed an energy building. You will probably know the premises from the TV, and the U6 program of the same name is filmed here for children. In the Small World, we find a diverse range of inventions that have greatly influenced industrial and technological developments around the world. It's not just a show, most of the things we can try out ourselves. The small world of technology includes eight expositions, for example, a steam engine, a telegraph, the principle of steel production, and electricity. Children will also be interested in transport, aviation and astronauts.
Cafe, history reminders, club and observation deck. All of this is part of the new Blast Furnace No. 1 in the Vítkovice Lower Area. It is currently the highest geographic point in the city. The area is just 80 meters away.
The original height of the furnace, where iron was previously melted, was 63.6 meters. Now, the top of the tower tower is 77.7 meters high. The built-in glass cylindrical superstructure serves as a lookout tower with multifunctional spaces.
The main presentation space, which has become a part of the tour route called "Taje ocelové města", presents, at a level of 55 meters above the ground, details of the life of the entire Vítkovice plant at that time. Enjoy refreshments with a breathtaking view of the café (62 meters away). The club above the café serves mainly for holding discussion forums and lectures organized by Dolní Vítkovice. However, club spaces will also be used for teaching and popularizing technical disciplines and natural sciences.
The 71-meter rooftop panoramic terrace allows you to organize commented views of Vítkovice, the city of Ostrava and the surrounding countryside with the Beskydy Mountains. The terrace is also equipped with binoculars. For those who do not have a problem with altitude climbers, an adrenaline pathway will be prepared that gives the impression that it leads up to the cloud. It is a helix footbridge that goes around the superstructure where you climb up to a height of 80 meters on a perforated sheet and see the depth below you.
Landek is located in Ostrava - Petřkovice, about 1.5 km from the D1 motorway exit and 5 km from the center of Ostrava (GPS 49 ° 51’59.461 ”N, 18 ° 15’41.181” E). It is easily accessible by public transport (direction Hlučín, Hornické muzeum stop).
The height of the Landek hill itself (from Land-Ecke, Germany) is only 280 meters above sea level. It is a world-famous site in terms of geology, archeology, history, science and mining. The connection of the Mining Museum as a technical monument and Landek Hill as a national natural monument with rich vegetation and fauna gives this locality its uniqueness and attractiveness. On the southeast slope of Landek, whose natural science and mining educational trail leads, is a unique geological section with layers of carbon-type coal, which were created 250 million years ago and which rise to the surface by numerous outcrops of coal seams. In 1993 Landek was declared a National Natural Monument. There is a confluence of the Odra and Ostravice rivers in the vicinity of Landek.
The first settlement and the first use of coal about 30 thousand years ago were recorded in Landek. In 1953 the world-famous Petřkovická or Landecká Venus was found here. It is a 46 mm high torso of a woman carved from blood. It is the only lean Venus in Europe. Its historical value is no less than the value of the perhaps better known Venus of Věstonice. You can find more information about the Landek Nature Trail. More than 200 years ago, coal began to be mined at Landek. It can be said that mining of hard coal in the Ostrava region was started.
Landek is immediately followed by LANDEK PARK - an area of 35 hectares with the largest mining museum in the Czech Republic. It offers an exhibition of mining rescue, an underground exhibition, exhibits freely located in the area, its part is a sports and relaxation area incl. camp and catering facilities.
The technically and architecturally preserved area of the Michal coal mine can be found in Ostrava, in the district of Michálkovice, where coal began to be mined in the first half of the 19th century.
More than 600 m deep coal mine named after c.k. The councilor Michael Laier was founded in 1843. From 1913 to 1915 he was electrified and at the same time generously rebuilt according to a design by architect František Fiala, a pupil of the famous founder of Viennese modern industrial architecture, Otto Wagner. The Michal Mine Downturn began in 1993, the wheel on its mining tower finally stopped in 1995.
After mining in this coal-fired underground mine, a complex of surface buildings from 1912–1915 was preserved. Three visitor circuits include expositions in an office building, a mining building, an engine room with original electrical machines and other attractions.
The new exhibitions include unique collections such as mining surveying, geologist's office, first aid exposition and dispatching. The mining site, including the machine room with the original technical equipment, is open to the public. Like the Mayrau Mine Museum in Vinařice near Kladno, the sightseeing trail following the miner's path from the changing rooms to its own mining pit is designed as the last working day. In addition to classic tours, short-term exhibitions and cultural events take place in the area.
This National Historic Landmark is now included on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
VYHLÍDKOVÁ VĚŽ NOVÉ RADNICE
The highest town hall observation tower (85.6 m) can be found in Ostrava. The observation terrace is located at a height of 73 m and it has a beautiful view of Ostrava, the panorama of the Beskydy, Poodří and the border area of Poland. With good visibility, you can also see Praděd in the Jeseníky Mountains.
The Moravian-Silesian metropolis has the largest town hall complex. The New Town Hall Tower was completed in 1930 and is one of the landmarks of Ostrava. The lift is lifted to the top of the tower, so you don't have to worry about the stairs. The Ostrava City Hall is the largest town hall building in the country and, with its height of 85.6 meters, is also the tallest town hall observation tower. From the observation deck at a height of 72 meters, in good weather, the view is as far as the Beskydy and Jeseníky Mountains, the Opava region and nearby Poland, especially the whole of Ostrava full of greenery.
You can reach the tower daily in summer time from 9 am to 7 pm, in winter time from 9 am to 5 pm.
Explore the Silesian Ostrava Castle, where various concerts, fairs, theater performances and other cultural events take place.
The castle tower is the tallest building in the castle. On the individual floors of the tower, visitors can see permanent exhibitions, such as the exhibition "Exhibition of Castles and Historic Ships". From the end of June 2019, visitors can enjoy a unique exhibition of the Amber Trail Museum and the Silk Road.
The castle fortress is located in the courtyard, it is one of the oldest parts of the castle, but it was already largely destroyed by insensitive interventions by past owners. It is possible to see the original walls of the castle. Since December 2007, the ceremonial hall has been refurbished and furnished with a unique 4x1,5m large wood carving depicting a "wedding merrymaking". In October 2008, the castle forge was opened on the first terrace of the fortress. In autumn 2008, a new castle chapel was opened - the chapel of Jan Czupryniak, which is open all year round to provide visitors with spiritual rest. You can see Nativity scene with carved figures, Stations of the Cross, prayer room, statue of st. Silvian patroness of Silesia and glass oil painting.
A number of interesting exhibits await visitors in the courtyard, such as examples of torture such as cage, pillory, log and more.
HLUČÍNSKÉ JEZERO ŠTĚRKOVNA
One of the most beautiful baths in the north of Moravia is the Hlučín Lake, a former gravel pit located near the town of Hlučín. Its water is one of the cleanest in the region. Unfortunately, swimming dogs is prohibited.
The natural area of Hlučín Lake, also known as "Gravel Pits", covers an area of 140 ha and is an ideal place for sports, entertainment and relaxation. The blanket can be laid out on a grassy or gravel beach, and then you can go swimming or at one of the sports facilities: a mini golf course, tennis courts, beach volleyball courts.
The lake offers water skiing, windsurfing, boating and fishing. there is also an autocamp in close proximity and many events take place here, especially during the summer months. There are 2 swimming pools and a paddling pool.
There are regular cultural and sports events in the area. Concerts and discos take place every weekend. In the neighborhood of the recreational area you will find the Children's Ranch, which deals with horse breeding and hippotherapy. There are also nice cycling routes. The car park is big enough, if you go by bus, you need to go to the gravel pit about a kilometer.
Ostrava's highest peak is 315 meters above sea level. Initially, the heap reached a height of 327 meters, but decreased by burning. The heap was to be destroyed, but today it is listed and provides a phonomenal view of the city.
The only cone-type heap in the Ostrava region is above the center of the Moravian-Silesian metropolis. Its red peak is made up of millions of tons of burned tailings. The heap was created by weighing tailings from the Trojice mine in Ostrava. The origins of its foundation probably date back to the 1920s. In the 1960s the interior of the heap was ignited, and it still burns. Temperatures inside the hill reach up to 1500 ° C, making new precious minerals inside the hill - porcelanites and jaspers.
Due to the natural spillage of the tailings, the Ema has already dropped about 8 m from its height at the end of the weighing. The side slopes of the hill are covered with airborne trees. Due to the high temperatures inside Ema, there is never snow at its peak. On the north side there is a dense forest, the south side (which still burns) is still bare and is covered with thermophilic steppe flora. The visible smoke, which seems to be rising from the mountain, makes Emu magical. Bleaching gas clouds containing mainly sulfur dioxide. Phenomenal views of the whole of Ostrava make Ema a very attractive place for many Ostravans and visitors to the city.
A new hiking trail leads to the top, mapping mainly the mining history of the town. It starts at the tram stop at Černá louka behind the theater, but it is possible to join it in the center of the city, for example on Sýkorovo Bridge over the Ostravice River. It continues through the Castle Footbridge around the Silesian Ostrava Castle and then rises steeply through the streets of Slezská Ostrava. When the street on Burni turns onto the gravel road of Vlčkova Street, the destination is within reach. The trail, built by the Czech Tourists Club, is lined with a total of 12 information panels describing historical, natural and technical attractions in the area.
GOLF PARK LHOTKA
Lhotka Golf Park was founded in May 2016 from purely private sources. It offers professional golfers, but it is open to all those interested. The resort is located in the countryside and offers a café and adventure golf to the whole family.
Golf Park Lhotka offers outdoor entertainment in close proximity to Ostrava, the third largest city in the Czech Republic.
At your fingertips and accessible to everyone. Experienced, but also inexperienced players train with us in professional conditions and golf untouched by all ages with us will find a way to beautiful play and fun for life.
The priority is to fulfill the idea of accessibility of golf to the general public. No club registration required, costly equipment, dress code adherence.
Fun and sports for your entire family. Water World SAREZA in Ostrava, which is with its top equipment and facilities at European level.
Enjoy the beauty of the area of over 41 thousand square meters. In the summer months you can enjoy fun in the large swimming pool or in the non-swimming pool. For those who want adrenaline, we have a giant toboggan, slides or ski jumps. Children win in a children's paddling pool with attractions, a playground or a shaded sandbox.
The pool with a depth of 140 - 380 cm offers ski jumps and water surface, which has the longest dimension of 380 m. Due to its length and depth it will be enjoyed by both recreational and fitness swimmers.